Pre-doctoral studentsMario Mairal PisaPost-doctoral researchersLisa Pokorny Montero

Master projectAndrea Briega

Former team membersCajsa Lisa Anderson (Upsala University, Suecia)

Sven Buerki (University of Neuchattel, Suiza)

Andrea Sánchez Meseguer

Isabel Sanmartín Bastida
  • Research scientist
  • Speciality:

    Biogeography: Analytic tools and biogeographic reconstruction of lineages and biota

  • Geographical region:Mediterranean region, Macaronesia, Neotropics
  • Line of research: Plant evolutionary biology
  • Professional profile

    Integrating new phylogenetic dating and model-based biogeographical methods to disentangle the evolutionary origins of the African-Mediterranean "Rand Flora"
    Disjunct distributions of plant groups between Macaronesia-NW Africa, E Africa, and W Asia have been recognized for almost a century, in what has been called the "Rand Flora" pattern. One of the most-cited examples of this disjunction is the Canary Island "dragon tree", which has its closest relatives in Yemen and Socotra. In this project we will use both empirical data from model groups and published phylogenies in combination with new phylogenetic dating and model-based biogeographic methods to unravel the evolutionary and biogeographic origins of this enigmatic floristic pattern.

    Applying a new Bayesian biogeographic method to reconstructing patterns of diversification in the Canarian flora
    Oceanic archipelagos of volcanic origin like the Canary Islands represent a special challenge to biogeographers because dispersal is typically the dominant process while most existing methods are based on vicariance. Here we will use a new biogeographic method based on a Bayesian probabilistic model to estimate rates of dispersal between islands and patterns of colonization using a large dataset of published Canarian plant phylogenies. The final aim is to extract generalizations on the origin and evolution of the extraordinary diversity of the Canarian flora.

    Current research projects

    Synthesis of systematic resources

    2013 - 2017.  CAP-INFRAS/1847

    Biodiversity over Microevolutionary and Macroevolutionary scales: Evolutionary and Ecological determinants revisited

    2015 - 2018.  PEOPLE-IOF/3334
    Selected Publications
  • Sanmartín I.; Meseguer A.S. 2016. Extinction in phylogenetics and biogeography: From timetrees to patterns of biotic assemblage. Frontiers in Genetics 7:35.

  • Mairal M.; Pokorny, L.; Aldasoro,  J.J.; Alarcón, M.;Sanmartín, I. 2015. Ancient vicariance and climate-driven extinction explain continental-wide disjunctions in Africa: the case of the Rand Flora genus Canarina (Campanulaceae). Molecular Ecology. Aceptado para su publicación con fecha 11 de febrero: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/mec.13114/abstract

  • Mairal, M.; Sanmartín, I.; Aldasoro, J.J.; Culshaw, V.; Manolopoulou, I.; Alarcón, M. 2015. Palaeo-islands as refugia and sources of genetic diversity within volcanic archipelagos: The case of the widespread endemic Canarina canariensis (Campanulaceae). Molecular Ecology 24:3944-3963.

  • Meseguer, A.S.; Lobo, J.M. ;  Ree, R.; Beerling, D.J.; Sanmartín, I. 2015. Integrating Fossils, Phylogenies, and Niche Models into Biogeography to reveal ancient evolutionary history: the Case of Hypericum (Hypericaceae). Systematic Biology 64:215-232.

  • Pokorny, L.; Riina, R.; Mairal, M.; Meseguer, A.S.; Culshaw, V.; Cendoya, J.; Serrano, M.; Carbajal, R.; Ortiz, S.; Heuertz, M.; Sanmartín, I. 2015. Living on the edge: Timing of Rand Flora disjunctions congruent with ongoing aridification in Africa. Frontiers in Genetics 6:e54.

  • Warren, B.H.; Simberloff, D.; Ricklefs, R.E.; Aguilée, R.; Condamine, F.L.; Gravel, D.; Morlon, H.; Mouquet, N.; Rosindell, J.; Casquet, J.; Conti, E.; Cornuault, J.; Fernández-Palacios, J.M.; Hengl, T.; Norder, S.J.; Rijsdijk, K.F.; Sanmartín, I.; Strasberg, D.; Triantis, K.A.; Valente, L.M.; Whittaker, R.J.; Gillespie, R.G.; Emerson, B.C.; Thébaud C. 2015. Islands as model systems in ecology and evolution: Prospects fifty years after MacArthur-Wilson. Ecology Letters 18:200-217.

     

  • Inda, L.A.; Sanmartín, I.; Buerki, S.; Catalán, P. 2014. Mediterranean origin and Miocene-Holocene Old World diversification of meadow fescues and ryegrasses (Festuca subgenus Schedonorus and Lolium). J. Biogeogr. 41(3):600-614.

  • Meseguer, A.S.; Sanmartín, I.; Marcussen, T.; Pfeil, B.E. 2014. Utility of low-copy nuclear markers in phylogenetic reconstruction of Hypericum L. (Hypericaceae). Plant Syst. Evol. 300(6):1503-1514.

  • Sanmartín, I. 2014. Biogeography. In: Vargas; Zardoya (eds.).The Tree of Life. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Publishers, Sunderland, US. pp. 156-166.

  • Vitales, D.; Garnatje, T.; Pellicer, J.; Vallès, J.; Santos-Guerra, A.; Sanmartín, I. 2014. The explosive radiation of Cheirolophus (Asteraceae, Cardueae) in Macaronesia. BMC Evol. Biol. 14(1):118  doi:10.1186/1471-2148-14-118..

  • Barres, L.; Sanmartín, I.; Anderson, C.L.; Susanna, A.; Buerki, S.; Galbany-Casals, M.; Vilatersana, R. 2013. Reconstructing the evolution and biogeographic history of tribe Cardueae (compositae). American Journal of Botany 100:867-882, doi:10.3732/ajb.1200058.
  • Meseguer, A.S.; Aldasoro, J.J.; Sanmartín, I. 2013. Bayesian inference of phylogeny, morphology and range evolution reveals a complex evolutionary history in St. John's wort (Hypericum). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 67:379-403, doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.02.007.
  • Antonelli, A.; Sanmartín, I. 2011. Mass extinction, gradual cooling, or rapid radiation? Reconstructing the spatio-temporal evolution of the ancient angiosperm genus Hedyosmum (Chloranthaceae) using empirical and simulated approaches". Systematic Biology, 60(5): 596-615. 

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  • Antonelli, A.; Sanmartín, I. 2011. Why are there so many plant species in the Neotropics?  Taxon, 60: 403 - 414.

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  • Buerki, S.; Forest, F.; Alvarez, N.; Nylander, J. A. A.; Arrigo, N.; Sanmartín.I. 2011. An evaluation of new parsimony-based versus parametric inference methods in biogeography: a case study using the globally distributed plant family Sapindaceae. Journal of Biogeography 38: 531-550

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  • Hoorn, C.; Wesselingh, FP.; Steege, H. ter.; Bermudez, MA.; Mora, A.; Sevink, J.; Sanmartín, I.; Sanchez-Meseguer, A.; Anderson, C.L.; Figueiredo, J.D., Jaramillo, CM., Riff, FR., Negri, H. Hooghiemstra, J. Lundberg, Stadler, T., Sarkinen, T. , Antonelli, A. 2011. "On the origin of neotropical biodiversity - Response". Science 331: 399-400.

  • Ronquist, F.; Sanmartin, I. 2011. Phylogenetic methods in biogeography. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics. 42: 441-64.
    http://arjournals.annualreviews.org/eprint/GV8p68dISY6A9I3XtN7v/full/10.1146/annurev-ecolsys-102209-144710

  • Hoorn, C.; Wesselingh, F.P.; Steege, H. ter.; Stadler, T.; Sanmartín, I.; Sánchez-Meseguer, A.; Anderson, C.L.;  Jaramillo, C.M.; Bermudez, C.; Figueiredo, J.D.; Riff, F.R.; Negri, H.; Hooghiemstra, J.; Lundberg, H.P.; Linder, T.; Sarkinen, A.; Mora; Antonelli, A.  2010. Amazonia Through Time: Andean Uplift, Climate Change, Landscape Evolution, and Biodiversity. Science 330: 927-931. Supplementary online material

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  • Sanmartín, I.; Anderson, C.L.; Alarcon-Cavero, M.L.; Ronquist, F.; Aldasoro. J.J. 2010.Bayesian island biogeography in a continental setting: The Rand Flora case. Biology Letters. Biology Letters 6:703-707

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  • Antonelli, A.; Nylander, J.A.A.; Persson, C.; Sanmartín, I. 2009 Tracing the impact of the Andean uplift on Neotropical plant evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences: 106(24):9749-9754
    http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2009/05/22/0811421106.full.pdf+html

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  • Micó, E.; Sanmartín, I.; Galante, E. (2009) Mediterranean diversification of the grass-feeding Anisopliina beetles (Scarabaeidae, Rutelinae, Anomalini) as inferred by bootstrap-averaged dispersal-vicariance analysis. Journal of Biogeography, 36 (3): 546-560.

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  • Ree, R.H.; Sanmartín, I. (2009) Guest Editorial: Prospects and challenges for parametric models in historical biogeographical inference. Journal of Biogeography 36: 1211-1220.

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  • Nylander, J.A.A.; Olsson, U.; Alström, P.; Sanmartín, I. (2008). Accounting for phylogenetic uncertainty in biogeography: A bayesian approach to dispersal-vicariance analysis of the thrushes (Aves: Turdus). Systematic Biology, 57: 257-268.

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  • Sanmartin, I.; van der Mark, P.; Ronquist, F. (2008). Inferring dispersal: a Bayesian approach to phylogeny-based island biogeography, with special reference to the Canary Islands. Journal of Biogeography 35:428-449.

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  • Sanmartín, I. (2007) Event-Based Biogeography: Integrating patterns, processes, and time. En: Biogeography in a Changing World (eds: M.C. Ebach and R.S. Tangney), Systematics Association Volume Series, Taylor & Francis, London, pp. 135-156.

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  • Sanmartín, I.; Ronquist, F. (2004). Southern hemisphere biogeography inferred by event-based models: plant versus animal patterns. Systematic Biology 53 (2): 1-28.

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  • Sanmartín, I. (2003). Dispersal vs. vicariance in the Mediterranean: Historical biogeography of the palearctic Pachydeminae (Coleoptera, Scarabaeoidea). Journal of Biogeography 30: 1883-1897.

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  • Sanmartın, I. 2002. A paleogeographic history of the Southern Hemisphere (Divulgative material)

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  • Sanmartín, I.; Enghoff, H; Ronquist, F. (2001). Patterns of animal dispersal, vicariance, and diversification in the Holarctic. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 73: 345-390.

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