Evolution in SNAPDRAGONS

Linaria - Linaria incarnata - Taxonomy

Linaria incarnata (Vent.) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. ed. 16 2: 796 (1825).

Annual, glabrous below, densely glandular-pubescent in inflorescence, the multicellular hairs with violet or reddish-purple transverse walls; fertile stems 3-8, (12-) 16-55 cm, more or less erect, simple or sometimes branched; sterile stems 1-6. Leaves of fertile stems 3-8 x 0.4-0.6 mm, linear, obtuse, flat or involute, alternate; leaves of sterile stems similar to those of fertile stems but opposite or verticillate. Inflorescence with 3-7 flowers, lax or somewhat dense in flower, lax in fruit. Bracts 2.5-4 mm, lanceolate, acute. Pedicels 3.5-8 mm in flower, 6-9 mm in fruit, erecto-patent to erect, free. Calyx-lobes more or less equal, 2.5-4 x 0.5-0.6 mm in flower, 3.5-4 x 0.7-1 mm in fruit, linear-lanceolate, acute, reddish-purple or violet, the margin scarious, reddish-purple or violet. Corolla 20-25 mm, blue-violet to lilac or rarely pink; adaxial lip sinus 4-5 mm; abaxial lip sinus 2-4 mm; spur 8.5-13 mm, straight or curved, more or less equalling rest of corolla. Style deeply bifid, often with swelling at base of bifurcation. Capsule 3-4.7 x 2.8-3.8 mm, oblong, glabrous or puberulent; loculi more or less equal, each loculus dehiscing by 3 teeth. Seeds 0.5-0.6 mm, reniform or reniform-pyriform, ruminate-alveolate or transversely ridged, occasionally with indistinct longitudinal ridges, blackish-grey; transverse ridges 6-8, rounded, often low, anastomosed; periclinal wall of testa-cells verrucate or verruculate, the margin raised, produced into rounded or somewhat angular marginal papilla towards ridge-apex, the median papilla absent. Modified from Sutton (1988).

2n = 12 (Valdés, 1970b; Fernandes, Queirós and Santos, 1977: 44).

SW Iberian peninsula, NW Morocco. Hs Lu Ma.

Type: PORTUGAL: circa Pombal, iv 1717 sine leg. (lecto. (Laínz, 1966: 56; cf. Laínz, 1971: 260) B).

Linaria species
Linaria aeruginea
Linaria albifrons
Linaria algarviana
Linaria alpina
Linaria altaica
Linaria amethystea
Linaria amoi
Linaria angustissima
Linaria anticaria
Linaria antilibanotica
Linaria arenaria
Linaria armeniaca
Linaria arvensis
Linaria atlantica
Linaria badalii
Linaria baligaliensis
Linaria bamianica
Linaria biebersteinii
Linaria bipartita
Linaria bipunctata
Linaria bordiana
Linaria brachyceras
Linaria bubanii
Linaria bungei
Linaria buriatica
Linaria caesia
Linaria capraria
Linaria cavanillesii
Linaria chalepensis
Linaria clementei
Linaria confertiflora
Linaria corifolia
Linaria cossonii
Linaria coutinhoi
Linaria cretacea
Linaria creticola
Linaria dalmatica
Linaria damascena
Linaria debilis
Linaria decipiens
Linaria depauperata
Linaria diffusa
Linaria dissita
Linaria elegans
Linaria elymaitica
Linaria fallax
Linaria fastigiata
Linaria faucicola
Linaria ficalhoana
Linaria filicaulis
Linaria flava
Linaria genistifolia
Linaria gharbensis
Linaria glacialis
Linaria glauca
Linaria grandiflora
Linaria griffithsii
Linaria haelava
Linaria hellenica
Linaria hepatica
Linaria hirta
Linaria huteri
Linaria iconia
Linaria incarnata
Linaria incompleta
Linaria intricata
Linaria japonica
Linaria joppensis
Linaria kokanica
Linaria kulabensis
Linaria kurdica
Linaria latifolia
Linaria laxiflora
Linaria leptoceras
Linaria lilacina
Linaria lineolata
Linaria loeselii
Linaria macrophylla
Linaria macroura
Linaria maroccana
Linaria melampyroides
Linaria meyeri
Linaria michauxii
Linaria micrantha
Linaria microsepala
Linaria miller
Linaria multicaulis
Linaria munbyana
Linaria nivea
Linaria nurensis
Linaria oblongifolia
Linaria odora
Linaria oligantha
Linaria onubensis
Linaria paradoxa
Linaria parviracemosa
Linaria pedicellata
Linaria pedunculata
Linaria pelisseriana
Linaria peloponnesiaca
Linaria peltieri
Linaria pinifolia
Linaria platycalyx
Linaria polygalifolia
Linaria popovii
Linaria propinqua
Linaria pseudolaxiflora
Linaria pseudoviscosa
Linaria purpurea
Linaria pyramidalis
Linaria ramosa
Linaria reflexa
Linaria remotiflora
Linaria repens
Linaria ricardoi
Linaria riffea
Linaria rubioides
Linaria salzmannii
Linaria satureioides
Linaria saxatilis
Linaria schelkownikowii
Linaria schirvanica
Linaria sessilis
Linaria simplex
Linaria spartea
Linaria striatella
Linaria supina
Linaria tarhunensis
Linaria tenuis
Linaria thibetica
Linaria thymifolia
Linaria tingitana
Linaria tonzigii
Linaria transiliensis
Linaria triornithophora
Linaria triphylla
Linaria tristis
Linaria tuberculata
Linaria tursica
Linaria unaiensis
Linaria venosa
Linaria ventricosa
Linaria veratrifolia
Linaria verticillata
Linaria virgata
Linaria viscosa
Linaria vulgaris
Linaria warionis
Linaria weilleri
Linaria yunnanensis

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